The goddess Athеna was thе mythological goddеss of wisdom, but also thе poеtic symbol of rеason and purity. Athena was vеry important to thе Grееks, sincе thеy namеd hеr thе Iliad’s goddеss of fight, thе warrior-dеfеndеr, thе protеctor of civilizеd lifе and artisan activitiеs and so on… Indееd, Grееk Mythology sееms to bе еndlеssly rеfеrring to Athеna as onе of thе most well known but also most influеntial Goddеssеs of all.
History of Athena
Athena was a goddess of Greece who was looked upon as the protector and Patron of numerous cities in Greece, predominantly in Athens city. It is believed that Athena received her name after the city of Athens. Athena was allied to wisdom, warfare and handicraft. She is commonly presented in art grasping a spear and clothed with helmet. Her secret code included snakes, owls and olive trees.
After fighting with his siblings and winning against his father, Athena’s father Zeus became the king of the gods. After a prophesy came through that the offspring of Zeus’ wife Metis would bring forth a god superior than the king of gods, Zeus angrily swallowed her. By the time she was being swallowed she was pregnant. The baby (Athena) burst from her father’s head already grown and clothed for war.
As a heroic goddess, Athena was said to have assisted Heracles, Jason, Perseus and Bellerophon. In the Iliad, Athena aided the Achaeans and was Odysseus’ holy counselor. A rivalry happened where Athena is alleged to have fought the Deadly Arachne afterwards changing Arachne to the first spider. In another competition, she changed Medusa into a Gorgon. Since then, Athena is labelled as a global symbol of arts, wisdom and conventional learning.