Poseidon is one of the twelve Gods referred to as “The Olympians” in Greek mythology. He was the second son of the Titans Cronus and Rhea, the firstborn being Hades. He was a brother to Zeus and Hera, the King and Queen of the Greek gods. Poseidon is the God of the sea, storms, earthquakes and of horses. He is often seen as being a protector of seafarers.
God of the Sea
Although Poseidon had many roles in Greek mythology, he is perhaps best known as the God of the Sea. Most statues depict Poseidon as a distinguished, regal-looking man with a beard and curly hair and often clutching a trident. However, in Greek mythology, Poseidon was known to be bad-tempered and so was both worshipped as the guardian of sailors and feared as the bringer of storms and earthquakes.
Mythology of Poseidon
Greek mythology suggests that when Poseidon’s father Kronos was defeated, the world was divided into three and lots drawn. Poseidon was given the sea with his older brother, Hades, getting the underworld, and his younger brother, Zeus, getting the sky. They all shared Mount Olympus and the Earth. Once Poseidon was established as a God of the Waters, it was a natural progression for him to be associated with earthquakes.
The reason for this was that the ancient Greeks believed that it was the erosion of rocks by water that caused earthquakes. Poseidon was also viewed as vengeful and quarrelsome and earthquakes and storms could be blamed on his ill temper. In the Greek legends and stories that survive, there are many accounts of his quarrels with Zeus and with other legendary characters such as Odysseus.