Zeus


Uncategorized / Tuesday, January 8th, 2019

Zeus, son of Cronus and Rhea, husband to the goddess Hera and father to many children, (including Athena, who was his favourite), was the ruler of the Greek gods who lived on Mount Olympus. In ancient Greek mythology Zeus is depicted as the god of thunder and the sky. He is usually depicted with a thunderbolt in one hand and a scepter in the other – both signs of his authority.

Birth

The gods Uranus and Gaia (the ancestral mother of all life) advised Cronus of his destiny to be vanquished by his own son as he had already vanquished his father. Through Rhea, Cronus conceived several children including Hades, Poseidon, and Hera, but he ate them when they were born. Rhea heard the prophecy and chose to run away, so as a result, Zeus was born in Crete.

Infancy

Zeus’ infancy has two different versions. Hyginus claims that Zeus was raised by Amalthea the nymph who hung him from a tree between the sky, the earth and the sea so his father could not see him. Pseudo-Appollodorus, on the other hand, says that Zeus was raised by Amalthea the goat inside a Psychro cave. When he came close, some soldiers shouted and danced to prevent him from hearing the baby cry.

When Zeus was a grown man, he tricked his father into consuming some poisoned wine, which forced him to throw up his brothers and sisters. Zeus then released his father’s brothers who in turn offered him the gifts of thunder and lightning. Zeus and his siblings dethroned the Titans and Cronus. Afterwards Zeus ruled the air and sky, Poseidon ruled the waters and Hades ruled the underworld.